• Under-equipped German army gets 100 billion euro makeover:

    Broadcast three times a week in the second half of the evening on the public channel ZDF, Markus Lanz's talk show is one of the most watched in Germany. On May 18, the host invited the Parliamentary Commissioner for the Armed Forces of the Bundestag onto his show. This position, which has been held by the former MP Eva Högl (SPD, Social Democratic Party) since 2020, is best known to the general public for its annual report on the state of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of Germany.

    During the program, Ms. Högl obviously could not address all the points made in the 178 pages of her latest report, published on March 15. But she summarized the main idea: "We live in one of the richest countries in the world, in the heart of Europe, and our 184,000 soldiers do not even have the equipment they need. This is a scandal!"
    Under-equipped German army gets 100 billion euro makeover: Broadcast three times a week in the second half of the evening on the public channel ZDF, Markus Lanz's talk show is one of the most watched in Germany. On May 18, the host invited the Parliamentary Commissioner for the Armed Forces of the Bundestag onto his show. This position, which has been held by the former MP Eva Högl (SPD, Social Democratic Party) since 2020, is best known to the general public for its annual report on the state of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of Germany. During the program, Ms. Högl obviously could not address all the points made in the 178 pages of her latest report, published on March 15. But she summarized the main idea: "We live in one of the richest countries in the world, in the heart of Europe, and our 184,000 soldiers do not even have the equipment they need. This is a scandal!"
    WWW.LEMONDE.FR
    Under-equipped German army gets 100 billion euro makeover
    The German government and the main opposition party reached an agreement on a modernization fund on Sunday.
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  • Location: San Francisco, CA 94111
    Term: 6 Months


    Day-to-Day Responsibilities:

    Provide hands on design leadership in large or complex development projects involving application development, migrations, integrations, enhancements to existing applications
    Assess and develop high level design requirements and communicate the same with development teams. Assess detailed specifications against design requirements.
    Analyze cross-functional business processes, identify alternative solutions, assess feasibility, and recommend new approaches via Salesforce enablement.
    Help build reusable assets for use, work on Gap Analysis & Salesforce.com Road Map creation
    Build and run custom demonstrations and deliver Proof of Concepts (POC) using Salesforce
    Develop and author technical business solutions, product presentations, and demonstrations.
    Ability to grasp new business process and apply Salesforce platform technology to develop Software Solutions (out of the box and on platform developed solutions).
    Ensure the Salesforce.com technical design aligns to overall enterprise architecture and scales well.
    Produce Architecture/ high level design documents and other artifacts
    Evaluate possible application performance bottle necks at early stages of the implementation & recommend remedial measures
    Provide technical leadership and mentoring to a team of Salesforce developer

    Is this a good fit? (Requirements):

    Bachelor's Degree or equivalent in Computer Science or a related field of study.
    10+ Years of hands on experience in developing solutions using Salesforce platform
    Prior experience working as a Salesforce Architect or similar capacity in an enterprise is required.
    Strong experience in Salesforce implementation for full lifecycle enterprise software projects
    Proven ability to build, manage and foster a team-oriented environment.
    Excellent leadership, communication and management skills
    Experience working with Force.com Apex Classes, Apex triggers, Batch Apex, Lightning Web Components (LWC), Visual Force (VF Pages), Integration (REST, SOAP, Change Data Capture, Platform Events), Force.com API, SOQL and SOSL.
    Experienced in Salesforce Data migrations with native tools such as Data Loader and 3rd party tools (Informatica, MuleSoft etc.)
    Salesforce Developer and other certifications required
    Must be able to work with various partners to understand business requirements, challenges and collaborate to identify scalable and robust solutions
    Must be able to lead high performing development teams in an Agile environment
    Must be able to lead platform migrations and rationalization initiatives
    Must have hands on experience building and deploying Wealth Management solutions
    Thanks,
    Gurinder Singh
    gurinder@skyera-systems.com
    Location: San Francisco, CA 94111 Term: 6 Months Day-to-Day Responsibilities: Provide hands on design leadership in large or complex development projects involving application development, migrations, integrations, enhancements to existing applications Assess and develop high level design requirements and communicate the same with development teams. Assess detailed specifications against design requirements. Analyze cross-functional business processes, identify alternative solutions, assess feasibility, and recommend new approaches via Salesforce enablement. Help build reusable assets for use, work on Gap Analysis & Salesforce.com Road Map creation Build and run custom demonstrations and deliver Proof of Concepts (POC) using Salesforce Develop and author technical business solutions, product presentations, and demonstrations. Ability to grasp new business process and apply Salesforce platform technology to develop Software Solutions (out of the box and on platform developed solutions). Ensure the Salesforce.com technical design aligns to overall enterprise architecture and scales well. Produce Architecture/ high level design documents and other artifacts Evaluate possible application performance bottle necks at early stages of the implementation & recommend remedial measures Provide technical leadership and mentoring to a team of Salesforce developer Is this a good fit? (Requirements): Bachelor's Degree or equivalent in Computer Science or a related field of study. 10+ Years of hands on experience in developing solutions using Salesforce platform Prior experience working as a Salesforce Architect or similar capacity in an enterprise is required. Strong experience in Salesforce implementation for full lifecycle enterprise software projects Proven ability to build, manage and foster a team-oriented environment. Excellent leadership, communication and management skills Experience working with Force.com Apex Classes, Apex triggers, Batch Apex, Lightning Web Components (LWC), Visual Force (VF Pages), Integration (REST, SOAP, Change Data Capture, Platform Events), Force.com API, SOQL and SOSL. Experienced in Salesforce Data migrations with native tools such as Data Loader and 3rd party tools (Informatica, MuleSoft etc.) Salesforce Developer and other certifications required Must be able to work with various partners to understand business requirements, challenges and collaborate to identify scalable and robust solutions Must be able to lead high performing development teams in an Agile environment Must be able to lead platform migrations and rationalization initiatives Must have hands on experience building and deploying Wealth Management solutions Thanks, Gurinder Singh gurinder@skyera-systems.com
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  • Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis indicated Thursday evening he is not yet satisfied with efforts to dissolve Walt Disney World’s special self-governing district.

    As such, the GOP leader vowed to pursue “additional legislative action” aimed at preventing the Sunshine State from suffering any tax income fallout or legalities following recent efforts to dismantle a status first established for the entertainment giant in 1967 when construction of the current theme park was in the planning stages.

    DeSantis make his remarks during a town hall-style event hosted by Fox News’ Laura Ingraham in Orlando.

    “There’s going to be additional legislative action,” said the governor. “We’ve contemplated that. We know what we’re going to do, so stay tuned. That’ll all be apparent.”

    CNN added:

    DeSantis signed a bill into law last week to dissolve the Reedy Creek Improvement District, effective June 1, 2023. The legislation arose from Disney’s criticism of the state’s so-called “Don’t Say Gay” law that limits discussion of sexuality and gender in public schools.

    Disney has not made any direct public statements about the new law dissolving Reedy Creek. The law is just two pages long and avoids any discussion of details about how to unwind a half-century of infrastructure deals, nor does it lay out the next steps in the complicated process.

    Reedy Creek said dissolving the district is not legal unless the state pays off $1 billion in Reedy Creek’s bond debt.

    And some officials and residents in neighboring Orange and Osceola counties fear they’ll get stuck with a $163 million annual tax bill if Reedy Creek goes away.

    “Disney pays the same taxes” as anyone else, Orange County Tax Collector Scott Randolph told CNN. That includes property taxes to Reedy Creek for several public services around the Disney properties such as emergency services and road work.

    “One side of the ledger will say zero and the other side will say negative $163 million” against Orange County if the Reedy Creek district goes away, Randolph added.

    The Fox News host asked DeSantis if “this [could] end up backfiring on the people of Florida?”

    DeSantis responded: “Disney will pay its debts. Disney will, for the first time, actually live under the same laws as everybody else in Florida. Imagine that.”

    Ingraham went on to ask if Reedy Creek’s “characterization of the statute is inaccurate.”

    The governor noted that the GOP-controlled state legislature still has time to address issues before the special status must be dissolved.

    Earlier in the day Thursday, Christina Pushaw, DeSantis’ spokeswoman, noted on Twitter that it would be a “few weeks” before a final plan is announced to assure that taxpayers won’t suffer from any changes to Disney’s status.

    “If it’s true that the repeal of the special district would hand Disney a tax break, and the local taxpayers would be on the hook for this bailout to benefit Disney… then why would Disney oppose repealing their special district?” she wrote, adding that the plan will ensure that Disney, the largest employer in the state, will pay its requisite share of taxes.

    For his part, the governor has assured Floridians won’t see any increase in taxes due to the dissolution of Reedy Creek, and insisted that Disney will pay its “fair share” of them. He has also described the law calling for the dissolution of the special status as “the first step in what’s going to be a process to make sure that Disney should not run its own government.”

    A survey released earlier this month regarding the revocation of Disney’s special status was a winner for DeSantis in terms of public opinion.

    The poll from the Trafalgar Group specifically found that Americans are not happy with Disney after the company embraced the LGBTQ movement; nearly 7 in 10 Americans no longer want to do “business” with Disney and will instead seek out “family-friendly alternatives.”

    The poll found that a whopping 68.2% of voters are now “less likely to do business with Disney.” Of that number, 57.2% said they are “much less likely” to buy from Disney.
    Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis indicated Thursday evening he is not yet satisfied with efforts to dissolve Walt Disney World’s special self-governing district. As such, the GOP leader vowed to pursue “additional legislative action” aimed at preventing the Sunshine State from suffering any tax income fallout or legalities following recent efforts to dismantle a status first established for the entertainment giant in 1967 when construction of the current theme park was in the planning stages. DeSantis make his remarks during a town hall-style event hosted by Fox News’ Laura Ingraham in Orlando. “There’s going to be additional legislative action,” said the governor. “We’ve contemplated that. We know what we’re going to do, so stay tuned. That’ll all be apparent.” CNN added: DeSantis signed a bill into law last week to dissolve the Reedy Creek Improvement District, effective June 1, 2023. The legislation arose from Disney’s criticism of the state’s so-called “Don’t Say Gay” law that limits discussion of sexuality and gender in public schools. Disney has not made any direct public statements about the new law dissolving Reedy Creek. The law is just two pages long and avoids any discussion of details about how to unwind a half-century of infrastructure deals, nor does it lay out the next steps in the complicated process. Reedy Creek said dissolving the district is not legal unless the state pays off $1 billion in Reedy Creek’s bond debt. And some officials and residents in neighboring Orange and Osceola counties fear they’ll get stuck with a $163 million annual tax bill if Reedy Creek goes away. “Disney pays the same taxes” as anyone else, Orange County Tax Collector Scott Randolph told CNN. That includes property taxes to Reedy Creek for several public services around the Disney properties such as emergency services and road work. “One side of the ledger will say zero and the other side will say negative $163 million” against Orange County if the Reedy Creek district goes away, Randolph added. The Fox News host asked DeSantis if “this [could] end up backfiring on the people of Florida?” DeSantis responded: “Disney will pay its debts. Disney will, for the first time, actually live under the same laws as everybody else in Florida. Imagine that.” Ingraham went on to ask if Reedy Creek’s “characterization of the statute is inaccurate.” The governor noted that the GOP-controlled state legislature still has time to address issues before the special status must be dissolved. Earlier in the day Thursday, Christina Pushaw, DeSantis’ spokeswoman, noted on Twitter that it would be a “few weeks” before a final plan is announced to assure that taxpayers won’t suffer from any changes to Disney’s status. “If it’s true that the repeal of the special district would hand Disney a tax break, and the local taxpayers would be on the hook for this bailout to benefit Disney… then why would Disney oppose repealing their special district?” she wrote, adding that the plan will ensure that Disney, the largest employer in the state, will pay its requisite share of taxes. For his part, the governor has assured Floridians won’t see any increase in taxes due to the dissolution of Reedy Creek, and insisted that Disney will pay its “fair share” of them. He has also described the law calling for the dissolution of the special status as “the first step in what’s going to be a process to make sure that Disney should not run its own government.” A survey released earlier this month regarding the revocation of Disney’s special status was a winner for DeSantis in terms of public opinion. The poll from the Trafalgar Group specifically found that Americans are not happy with Disney after the company embraced the LGBTQ movement; nearly 7 in 10 Americans no longer want to do “business” with Disney and will instead seek out “family-friendly alternatives.” The poll found that a whopping 68.2% of voters are now “less likely to do business with Disney.” Of that number, 57.2% said they are “much less likely” to buy from Disney.
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  • Ten minutes ago, Minister of Defense of Ukraine Oleksiy Reznikov issued an official statement:

    Dear Ukrainians!

    For 30 hours, a full-scale Russian attack on our state continues.
    Thanks to the heroism of our defenders and defenders, Ukraine has survived the first, most difficult day. The invaders suffered significant losses.
    Today we will be stronger. After all, thousands of people join the ranks of the Territorial Defense Forces and are ready to repel the enemy.
    I am proud of each of you!
    In Kyiv alone, there are already 18,000 assault rifles and corresponding ammunition, which have already been distributed and will continue to be distributed to the soldiers of the TR Forces during yesterday and today. Those wishing to join the ranks of the TRO Forces and with weapons in their hands to stop the Russian invaders are growing, and weapons are coming more.

    In addition, I made a decision, which was agreed with the commander of the Forces of the Tro of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Brigadier General Yuri Galushkin, to involve patriots over the age of 60 in the Tro Forces, who are morally and physically ready to resist and defeat the enemy.
    So, "lost", neh@and lucky.

    I also talked almost all night with my fellow defense ministers of the states that provide us with constant support. The reaction of the world is becoming clearer. Soon we will receive additional reinforcement in the form of modern weapons and other resources from our partners.
    We have already managed to break the plans of the Russian invaders. Now it is important to destroy the gloom of lies created by the Kremlin. And this will be the end of a serial killer and rapist who attacks neighbors.
    It is necessary to show the world and the citizens of Russia themselves that Russian troops are shelling peaceful cities, killing women and children. And that all who remain silent become accomplices of murderers.
    And those who prevent Ukraine from fighting or blocking sanctions against the killer state pollute their hands with the blood of innocent people.
    I appeal to all citizens of Ukraine and the Ukrainian diaspora.

    On official resources and pages in social networks of the Ministry of Defense, the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the State Emergency Service, the State Border Guard Service and other authorities and self-government, evidence of crimes of the Russian occupation troops is published.
    Take these facts and spread them through social networks. First of all, among Russian users. So that the citizens of the Russian Federation can see that they support.
    It is important to disseminate these facts in the Italian, German and Hungarian media space, as well as among journalists and officials of European countries. Anyone who knows the right languages is our weapon.
    We need to show the world what total defense is. And that our people cannot be defeated.

    We will definitely win!
    Glory to our defenders and defenders!
    Glory to Ukraine!
    Ten minutes ago, Minister of Defense of Ukraine Oleksiy Reznikov issued an official statement: Dear Ukrainians! For 30 hours, a full-scale Russian attack on our state continues. Thanks to the heroism of our defenders and defenders, Ukraine has survived the first, most difficult day. The invaders suffered significant losses. Today we will be stronger. After all, thousands of people join the ranks of the Territorial Defense Forces and are ready to repel the enemy. I am proud of each of you! In Kyiv alone, there are already 18,000 assault rifles and corresponding ammunition, which have already been distributed and will continue to be distributed to the soldiers of the TR Forces during yesterday and today. Those wishing to join the ranks of the TRO Forces and with weapons in their hands to stop the Russian invaders are growing, and weapons are coming more. In addition, I made a decision, which was agreed with the commander of the Forces of the Tro of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Brigadier General Yuri Galushkin, to involve patriots over the age of 60 in the Tro Forces, who are morally and physically ready to resist and defeat the enemy. So, "lost", neh@and lucky. I also talked almost all night with my fellow defense ministers of the states that provide us with constant support. The reaction of the world is becoming clearer. Soon we will receive additional reinforcement in the form of modern weapons and other resources from our partners. We have already managed to break the plans of the Russian invaders. Now it is important to destroy the gloom of lies created by the Kremlin. And this will be the end of a serial killer and rapist who attacks neighbors. It is necessary to show the world and the citizens of Russia themselves that Russian troops are shelling peaceful cities, killing women and children. And that all who remain silent become accomplices of murderers. And those who prevent Ukraine from fighting or blocking sanctions against the killer state pollute their hands with the blood of innocent people. I appeal to all citizens of Ukraine and the Ukrainian diaspora. On official resources and pages in social networks of the Ministry of Defense, the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the State Emergency Service, the State Border Guard Service and other authorities and self-government, evidence of crimes of the Russian occupation troops is published. Take these facts and spread them through social networks. First of all, among Russian users. So that the citizens of the Russian Federation can see that they support. It is important to disseminate these facts in the Italian, German and Hungarian media space, as well as among journalists and officials of European countries. Anyone who knows the right languages is our weapon. We need to show the world what total defense is. And that our people cannot be defeated. We will definitely win! Glory to our defenders and defenders! Glory to Ukraine!
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  • Message of Guru Granth Sahib:

    On September 1, 2004, the Sikhs celebrated the 400th anniversary of the first installation of their holy scriptures called the Sri Guru Granth Sahib. This was a significant landmark for the Sikhs; the Guru Granth Sahib was compiled and first installed at Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in Amritsar, Punjab India in 1604.

    The Guru Granth Sahib (also called the Adi Granth or Adi Guru Darbar) is more than just a scripture of the Sikhs; for the Sikhs treat this Granth (holy book) as their living perpetual Guru. The holy text whihc spans 1430 pages and contains the actual words spoken by the founders of the Sikh religion (the Ten Gurus of Sikhism) and the words of various other Saints from other religions including Hinduism and Islam.

    The holy book was completed on 30 August 1604, it contains an important message for the whole of humanity. After studying the text of this Granth, many have said that the message within this volume provides a solution to all the ills in the world.
    Message of Guru Granth Sahib: On September 1, 2004, the Sikhs celebrated the 400th anniversary of the first installation of their holy scriptures called the Sri Guru Granth Sahib. This was a significant landmark for the Sikhs; the Guru Granth Sahib was compiled and first installed at Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in Amritsar, Punjab India in 1604. The Guru Granth Sahib (also called the Adi Granth or Adi Guru Darbar) is more than just a scripture of the Sikhs; for the Sikhs treat this Granth (holy book) as their living perpetual Guru. The holy text whihc spans 1430 pages and contains the actual words spoken by the founders of the Sikh religion (the Ten Gurus of Sikhism) and the words of various other Saints from other religions including Hinduism and Islam. The holy book was completed on 30 August 1604, it contains an important message for the whole of humanity. After studying the text of this Granth, many have said that the message within this volume provides a solution to all the ills in the world.
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  • Historical Volumes of the Siri Guru Granth Sahib:

    KARTARPUR VAALI BIR: As described above, Guru Arjun dictated the Adi Granth to Bhai Gur Das. This first volume, or Bir, was made in Amritsar and later transferred to Kartarpur, where it remains today. The opening lines are in the hand of Guru Arjun, and it bears the signature of Guru Hargobind at the end. There are several blank pages, left by Guru Arjun to hold the writings of Guru Teg Bahadur.Apart frommany handwritten copies of Sri Guru Granth Sahib possessed by various persons and found in some gurdwaras the most important is the Bir recension at Kartarpur ,near Jullundur in the custody of Sodhi Amarjit Singh , a descendant of Dhirmal
    BHAI BANNO VAALI BIR: After completing the Adi Granth, Guru Arjun asked one of his Sikhs, Bhai Banno, to take the manuscript to Lahore to have it bound. During this journey, Bhai Banno had a copy made for his own use. He inserted a few Shabads of his own choosing, however. This version remains with his descendents.Hand written Manuscript of Bhai Banno wali Bir is said to be available at Gurdwara Banno Sahib in Kanpur city in India.
    DAMDAMA VAALI BIR: This is the volume dictated by Guru Gobind Singh at Damdama Sahib to Mani Singh. In it, Guru Gobind Singh included the Shabads of Guru Teg Bahadur. The volumes of the Siri Guru Granth Sahib which preside over our Gurdwaras now are copies of this edition.
    Historical Volumes of the Siri Guru Granth Sahib: KARTARPUR VAALI BIR: As described above, Guru Arjun dictated the Adi Granth to Bhai Gur Das. This first volume, or Bir, was made in Amritsar and later transferred to Kartarpur, where it remains today. The opening lines are in the hand of Guru Arjun, and it bears the signature of Guru Hargobind at the end. There are several blank pages, left by Guru Arjun to hold the writings of Guru Teg Bahadur.Apart frommany handwritten copies of Sri Guru Granth Sahib possessed by various persons and found in some gurdwaras the most important is the Bir recension at Kartarpur ,near Jullundur in the custody of Sodhi Amarjit Singh , a descendant of Dhirmal BHAI BANNO VAALI BIR: After completing the Adi Granth, Guru Arjun asked one of his Sikhs, Bhai Banno, to take the manuscript to Lahore to have it bound. During this journey, Bhai Banno had a copy made for his own use. He inserted a few Shabads of his own choosing, however. This version remains with his descendents.Hand written Manuscript of Bhai Banno wali Bir is said to be available at Gurdwara Banno Sahib in Kanpur city in India. DAMDAMA VAALI BIR: This is the volume dictated by Guru Gobind Singh at Damdama Sahib to Mani Singh. In it, Guru Gobind Singh included the Shabads of Guru Teg Bahadur. The volumes of the Siri Guru Granth Sahib which preside over our Gurdwaras now are copies of this edition.
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  • The 31 Ragas or chapters:

    The Adi Granth starts with the a non-raga section which begins with Japji as the first entry followed by Rehras and ending with Kirtan Sohila. Then begins the main section consisting of 31 Ragas or chapters. Although there are 31 Chapters called Ragas in the Guru Granth Sahib, 60 individual musical raga are actually mentioned in the holy book. A raga is a musical structure or set of rules of how to build a melody. It specifies a scale, as well as rules for movements up and down the scale; which notes should figure more and which notes should be used more sparingly; etc. The result is a framework that can be used to compose or improvise melodies in so that melodies in a certain raga will always be recognisable yet allowing endless variation.

    Just as a raga has emotional overtone, so each chapter has spiritual implication. The thirty-one ragas appear in the following serial order: Sri raga, Manjh, Gauri, Asa, Gujri, Devagandhari, Bihagara, Wadahans, Sorath, Dhanasri, Jaitsri, Todi, Bairari, Tilang, Suhi, Bilaval, Gond (Gaund), Ramkali, Nut-Narayan, Mali-Gaura, Maru, Tukhar, Kedara, Bhairav (Bhairo), Basant, Sarang, Malar, Kanra, Kalyan, Prabhati and Jaijawanti.

    Within the 1430 pages are found Saloks of Bhagat Kabir, Sheikh Farid, Guru Tegh Bahadur, etc.
    The 31 Ragas or chapters: The Adi Granth starts with the a non-raga section which begins with Japji as the first entry followed by Rehras and ending with Kirtan Sohila. Then begins the main section consisting of 31 Ragas or chapters. Although there are 31 Chapters called Ragas in the Guru Granth Sahib, 60 individual musical raga are actually mentioned in the holy book. A raga is a musical structure or set of rules of how to build a melody. It specifies a scale, as well as rules for movements up and down the scale; which notes should figure more and which notes should be used more sparingly; etc. The result is a framework that can be used to compose or improvise melodies in so that melodies in a certain raga will always be recognisable yet allowing endless variation. Just as a raga has emotional overtone, so each chapter has spiritual implication. The thirty-one ragas appear in the following serial order: Sri raga, Manjh, Gauri, Asa, Gujri, Devagandhari, Bihagara, Wadahans, Sorath, Dhanasri, Jaitsri, Todi, Bairari, Tilang, Suhi, Bilaval, Gond (Gaund), Ramkali, Nut-Narayan, Mali-Gaura, Maru, Tukhar, Kedara, Bhairav (Bhairo), Basant, Sarang, Malar, Kanra, Kalyan, Prabhati and Jaijawanti. Within the 1430 pages are found Saloks of Bhagat Kabir, Sheikh Farid, Guru Tegh Bahadur, etc.
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  • Structure of the Guru Granth Sahib:

    Within it's 1430 pages, the shabads (hymns) of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib are arranged in thirty-one Ragas, the traditional Indian musical measures and scales. Within the Ragas, they are arranged by order of the Sikh Gurus, with the shabads of the Hindu and Muslim Saints following. The shabads are written in various meters and rhythms, and are organized accordingly. For instance, Ashtapadi - eight steps, or Panch-padi - five steps. The Sri Guru Granth Sahib is written in Gurmukhi script, but the shabads were written in many different languages including Punjabi, Sanskrit and Persian.
    The original bir of Guru Granth Sahib did not contain an index. However, this is provided in some modern print of the bir to make it easy to find the location of some of the common banis. For example, from the index, (see main article here) it can be seen that the Japji Sahib starts at page 1 and ends at page 8; Sukhmani Sahib is located from pages 262 to 296; the Bara Maha bani can is found at pages 133 to 136; The bani called Anand Sahib(Bliss) can be found at pages 917 to 922, etc.
    Structure of the Guru Granth Sahib: Within it's 1430 pages, the shabads (hymns) of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib are arranged in thirty-one Ragas, the traditional Indian musical measures and scales. Within the Ragas, they are arranged by order of the Sikh Gurus, with the shabads of the Hindu and Muslim Saints following. The shabads are written in various meters and rhythms, and are organized accordingly. For instance, Ashtapadi - eight steps, or Panch-padi - five steps. The Sri Guru Granth Sahib is written in Gurmukhi script, but the shabads were written in many different languages including Punjabi, Sanskrit and Persian. The original bir of Guru Granth Sahib did not contain an index. However, this is provided in some modern print of the bir to make it easy to find the location of some of the common banis. For example, from the index, (see main article here) it can be seen that the Japji Sahib starts at page 1 and ends at page 8; Sukhmani Sahib is located from pages 262 to 296; the Bara Maha bani can is found at pages 133 to 136; The bani called Anand Sahib(Bliss) can be found at pages 917 to 922, etc.
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  • Work begins to compile the Adi Granth:

    Guru Arjun then set to compile the Shabads into a single volume, the Adi Granth. He sifted through the Shabads which had been passed down from the first four Gurus, and filtered out those which had been added by imposters. Bhai Gurdas Ji was the scribe who recorded the words of Guru Arjun. When he asked Guru Arjun how he could distinguish between the true and the false Shabads, Guru Arjun replied, "Even in a great herd of cows and calves, the mother cow will recognize the cry of her calf, above all others. Just so, the True Shabad resonates truly, and is easily distinguished from the false."

    Guru Arjun added a great many of his own Shabads to those of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Angad Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das Ji, and Guru Ram Das Ji. He also added Shabads of thirty-six Hindu and Muslim Saints, among them Kabir Ji, Ravi Das Ji, Naam Dev Ji, Trilochan Ji, and Sheikh Farid Ji. This was the first time any religion incorporated the works of sincere devotees of other religions into its own scripture; this reflects the universality of thought which underlies the Sikh belief in One God, and the one family of humanity as children of God.

    Guru Arjun left some blank pages in the Granth. When Bhai Gur Das asked the purpose of this, he answered that one of the Gurus to follow him would add the Shabads in their proper place at the proper time. In time the shabads of Guru Teg Bahadur, the ninth Manifestation of the Guru’s Light, were added by Guru Gobind Singh and thus the Siri Guru Granth Sahib was complete.
    Work begins to compile the Adi Granth: Guru Arjun then set to compile the Shabads into a single volume, the Adi Granth. He sifted through the Shabads which had been passed down from the first four Gurus, and filtered out those which had been added by imposters. Bhai Gurdas Ji was the scribe who recorded the words of Guru Arjun. When he asked Guru Arjun how he could distinguish between the true and the false Shabads, Guru Arjun replied, "Even in a great herd of cows and calves, the mother cow will recognize the cry of her calf, above all others. Just so, the True Shabad resonates truly, and is easily distinguished from the false." Guru Arjun added a great many of his own Shabads to those of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Angad Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das Ji, and Guru Ram Das Ji. He also added Shabads of thirty-six Hindu and Muslim Saints, among them Kabir Ji, Ravi Das Ji, Naam Dev Ji, Trilochan Ji, and Sheikh Farid Ji. This was the first time any religion incorporated the works of sincere devotees of other religions into its own scripture; this reflects the universality of thought which underlies the Sikh belief in One God, and the one family of humanity as children of God. Guru Arjun left some blank pages in the Granth. When Bhai Gur Das asked the purpose of this, he answered that one of the Gurus to follow him would add the Shabads in their proper place at the proper time. In time the shabads of Guru Teg Bahadur, the ninth Manifestation of the Guru’s Light, were added by Guru Gobind Singh and thus the Siri Guru Granth Sahib was complete.
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  • Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji:

    Guru Granth Sahib or Adi Sri Granth Sahib Ji (Punjabi ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ; also called the Adi Granth or Adi Guru Darbar) is more than just a scripture of the Sikhs, for the Sikhs regard and respect the Granth (holy book) as their living Guru. The revealed holy text spans 1430 pages and contains the actual words spoken by the founders of the Sikh religion (the Ten Gurus of Sikhism).

    Guru Granth Sahib was bestowed the Guruship by the last of the human form Sikh Masters, Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1708. Before passing away, Guru Gobind Singh Ji decreed that the Sikhs were to regard the Granth Sahib as their next and everlasting Guru. Guru Ji said – “Sab Sikhan ko hokam hai Guru Manyo Granth” meaning “All Sikhs are commanded to take the Granth as Guru”. So today, if asked, the Sikhs will tell you that they have a total of 11 Gurus. (10 Gurus in human form, and the eternal shabad Guru, the Guru Granth Sahib).

    Unique amongst the world's major religious scriptures, while compiling the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Gurus incorporated not only their own writings, but also included the writings of other contemporary saints from Hinduism and Islam (including saints belonging to the lowest strata of untouchables in the Hindu Caste System), who believed in the unity of God and denounced superstition and caste. Further, the composition and compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib was performed by the Sikh Gurus themselves, rather than being performed by their adherents and followers, an aspect that has been highlighted by historian-scholars while discussing the authenticity of the preachings of the different teachers and prophets of the world, as known to mankind today.

    When one visits a Gurdwara (a Sikh temple), the Guru Granth Sahib forms the main part of the Darbar Sahib or Main Hall. The holy book is placed on a dominant platform and covered in a very beautiful and attractively coloured fine cloth. The platform is always covered by a canopy, which is also decorated in expensive and very attractive coloured materials. The text in which the Granth is written is a script called Gurmukhi (literally "From the Guru's mouth"), which is considered a modern development of the ancient language called Sanskrit.
    Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji: Guru Granth Sahib or Adi Sri Granth Sahib Ji (Punjabi ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ; also called the Adi Granth or Adi Guru Darbar) is more than just a scripture of the Sikhs, for the Sikhs regard and respect the Granth (holy book) as their living Guru. The revealed holy text spans 1430 pages and contains the actual words spoken by the founders of the Sikh religion (the Ten Gurus of Sikhism). Guru Granth Sahib was bestowed the Guruship by the last of the human form Sikh Masters, Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1708. Before passing away, Guru Gobind Singh Ji decreed that the Sikhs were to regard the Granth Sahib as their next and everlasting Guru. Guru Ji said – “Sab Sikhan ko hokam hai Guru Manyo Granth” meaning “All Sikhs are commanded to take the Granth as Guru”. So today, if asked, the Sikhs will tell you that they have a total of 11 Gurus. (10 Gurus in human form, and the eternal shabad Guru, the Guru Granth Sahib). Unique amongst the world's major religious scriptures, while compiling the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Gurus incorporated not only their own writings, but also included the writings of other contemporary saints from Hinduism and Islam (including saints belonging to the lowest strata of untouchables in the Hindu Caste System), who believed in the unity of God and denounced superstition and caste. Further, the composition and compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib was performed by the Sikh Gurus themselves, rather than being performed by their adherents and followers, an aspect that has been highlighted by historian-scholars while discussing the authenticity of the preachings of the different teachers and prophets of the world, as known to mankind today. When one visits a Gurdwara (a Sikh temple), the Guru Granth Sahib forms the main part of the Darbar Sahib or Main Hall. The holy book is placed on a dominant platform and covered in a very beautiful and attractively coloured fine cloth. The platform is always covered by a canopy, which is also decorated in expensive and very attractive coloured materials. The text in which the Granth is written is a script called Gurmukhi (literally "From the Guru's mouth"), which is considered a modern development of the ancient language called Sanskrit.
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